What is Eyelid Retraction?
In this article, you will learn about Eyelid Retraction and see our patient results. What is Eyelid Retraction surgery? Eyelid retraction is the abnormal elevation of the upper eyelids and abnormal lowering of the lower eyelids. Normally, upper eyelids rest just below the upper border of the cornea/iris, while normal bottom eyelid rests at the lower border of the cornea/iris.
Treatment Options for Eyelid Retraction
The first line of therapy is ocular protection using frequent ocular lubrication (drops and ointment), bandage contact lens, etc. Oculoplastic surgery is inevitably needed since the eyes will get drier as time progresses. This eye condition surgery is done differently. For upper eyelid surgery, the levator muscle (responsible for lifting the upper eye fold) is cut to lower the upper eyelid. Oculoplastic surgery for retraction of the bottom eyelids works differently.
There are various surgical techniques, usually performed via a posterior (hidden) approach. At times, grafts and/or midface (cheek) lift may be needed to help elevate the bottom eyelid and reduce the scleral show.
Tightening of the lower eyelids is usually concurrently performed through canthoplasty where the outer eye corner is tightened.
Lower eyelid retraction surgery can help achieve more almond shaped eyes.
At times, orbital decompression may be necessary as an initial step (prior to this oculoplastic surgery) if big eyeballs or bulging eyes are forcing the lower eye to fold too low. Going back to the previous analogy, if someone’s big belly is reduced, their pants can come up higher!
Dr. Taban Beverly Hills Eyelid Retraction Treatment
Dr. Mehryar Ray Taban is a board-certified oculoplastic surgeon in Beverly Hills who has extensive experience and skill regarding the treatment of eyelid retraction. To learn more about the different treatment options for abnormal eyelid elevation, contact Dr. Taban today to schedule a consultation.
18-year-old male, with congenital lower eyelid retraction with negative canthal tilt and droopy upper eyelids (ptosis), underwent almond eye surgery including lower eyelid retraction surgery (with internal alloderm spacer graft), canthoplasty, and upper eyelid ptosis surgery. Before and 3 months after cosmetic eye transforming surgery photos are shown.
What Causes Eyelid Retraction?
There are various causes of this eye condition, including congenital, thyroid eye disease (Graves’ disease), trauma, and prior surgery. Most common cause of retraction of the upper eyelids is thyroid disease followed by genetics. The most common cause of lower eyelid retraction is from complications from prior lower blepharoplasty (post-blepharoplasty retraction), where either scar tissue developed and/or if too much skin was excised from the bottom eye fold. (Patient with prominent bulging eyes (negative vector) are at greater risk.)
This eye condition can appear as eye rounding and scleral show and very importantly it results in surgical (unnatural) eye and facial appearance. It can lead to chronic eye conditions including dry eyes, excessive tearing, redness, burning, and blurred vision.
Another common cause of retraction of the lower eye fold is genetics, where the lower eyelids are too low with scleral show. These patients often complain about their eye shape while desiring more almond shaped eyes. They want surgery to correct the scleral show.
It is important to understand that sometimes large eyeballs or bulging eyes (negative vector) can force the bottom eyelids to be too low, which means sometimes the eyeballs have to be set back (through orbital decompression) to allow the lower eyelids to come up. A good analogy to consider is someone’s pants can fall down if the belly is too big!
Watch Dr. Taban on the DOCTORS TV show discussing Almond Eye Surgery.
Read Dr. Taban’s manuscript about Lower Eyelid Retraction Surgery Without Spacer Grafts.
Read Dr. Taban’s manuscript about Lower Eyelid Retraction Surgery with Alloderm.
Read Dr. Taban’s Manuscript about Combined Orbital Decompression and Eyelid Retraction Surgery.
Audio video of a woman who discusses her journey after suffering from lower eyelid retraction after transcutaneous lower blepharoplasty (by another surgeon) and finally being treated by Dr Taban who performed lower eyelid retraction repair.
This video shows almond eye surgery with Canthoplasty in a young woman with congenital lower eyelid retract
A video showing a man who flew from Miami to California to undergo cosmetic orbital decompression, lower eyelid retraction surgery and lower orbital rim silicone implant to correct congenital bulging eyes and lower eyelid retraction.
Video showing post-blepharoplasty revision lower eyelid retraction surgery in a woman who came from Russia.
Addition information on oculoplastic surgery can be found on AAO.org.
Dr. Taban is an expert LA oculoplastic surgeon, using minimally invasive techniques, helping patients locally and around the world with this difficult problem, in his 2 offices in the greater Los Angeles area (Beverly Hills and Santa Barbara).
Before & After Photos
*See disclaimer below
Before (left) Middle age woman with multiple prior eye fold surgeries and blepharoplasty, resulting in right lateral canthal angle distortion and lowering, unnatural right lower eyelid contour, and droopy upper eyelid. After (right) 2 months after revisional eye fold surgery, right canthoplasty, right lower eyelid retraction surgery (internal, with midface lift, without graft) and lower eye fold contour surgery.
Before (left) Middle age woman with right lower eyelid retraction after previous lower blepharoplasty, now needing revision cosmetic surgery. After (right) 4 months after this eye condition surgery with internal alloderm graft, midface lift, canthoplasty, giving more natural almond shape eye appearance. (later she would also benefit from ptosis surgery and brow lift).
38 year old male, with lower eyelid retraction due to previous lower blepharoplasty (by another surgeon), underwent lower eyelid retraction surgery (with alloderm spacer graft), canthoplasty, and tear trough (orbital rim) implant placement. Before and 6 months after surgery results are shown. You can see his written testimonial on RealSelf
47 year old Russian female, with post-blepharoplasty lower eyelid retraction and sclera show and rounded eyes, underwent revision eyelid surgery with lower eyelid retraction surgery (internal eyelid lift, alloderm spacer graft, canthoplasty) to restore almond eye shape. Before and 3 months after lower eyelid retraction repair photos are shown.
Before (left) and after (right) 44-year-old female, with post-blepharoplasty lower eyelid retraction with sclera show and loss of natural eye shape, underwent corrective revision lower eyelid surgery, namely lower eyelid retraction repair, using internal eyelid approach with soof lift and alloderm spacer graft and canthoplasty.
46 year old Asian female, with lower eyelid retraction after previous transcutaneous lower blepharoplasty, underwent revision eyelid surgery to raise the lower eyelids (lower eyelid retraction surgery) using internal eyelid approach with soof lift and internal alloderm graft and canthoplasty. Before and 5 months after oculoplastic surgery photos are shown.
18 year old male, with congenital lower eyelid retraction with negative canthal tilt and droopy upper eyelids (ptosis) underwent almond eye surgery including lower eyelid retraction surgery (with internal alloderm spacer graft), canthoplasty, and upper eyelid ptosis surgery. Before and 3 months after cosmetic eye transforming surgery photos are shown.
49 year old male, with history of multiple prior lower eyelid operations with resultant right lower eyelid retraction, underwent revision lower eyelid retraction surgery (internal approach, soof lift, alloderm spacer graft, canthoplasty). Before and 3 months after revisional eyelid surgery photos are shown.
18 year old young man, with congenital droopy lower eyelids with negative canthal tilt and droopy upper eyelids (ptosis), looking sad and tired, underwent lower eyelid retraction surgery with canthoplasty and scarless droopy upper eyelid ptosis surgery. Before and 3 months after eye plastic surgery photos are shown.
38 year old Asian female, with severe bulging eyes due to Graves thyroid eye disease, along with lower eyelid retraction with scleral show. She underwent combined orbital decompression surgery and lower eyelid retraction surgery. Before and 6 weeks after transforming eye plastic surgery photos are shown.
50 year old female, with history of left eye trauma resulting in orbital fracture with sunken eye and severe left lower eyelid retraction with scarring, underwent left orbital fracture repair with orbital implant, left lower eyelid retraction surgery with skin graft, bilateral blepharoplasty, and eyelid filler injection. Before and 3 months after eyelid surgery photos are shown.
*Disclaimer: Results vary from patient to patient. Results are not guaranteed.